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The two major distinguishing characteristic traits of psychosis are:

  • Hallucinations

Hallucinations make a person see, hear, smell, or feel things that are not actually present. It activates sensory perception falsely without the help of outside stimulus. Hallucinations are not perceptual distortions. It affects any of the five senses and takes on almost any form.

  • Delusions

Delusions are false beliefs and impression. It is always contradicted by reality and usually far from what is considered true. There are paranoia delusions which lead a person to believe that he or she is being followed or stalked. Grandiose delusion is when a person exaggerates the belief of his or her importance. Somatic delusions are false beliefs about having a terminal illness or any concerns on their health when they are actually healthy.

The effects and intensity of psychosis for different persons are unique. There are cases where the root source for the development of this disorder is not really identified. However, the major causes of psychosis for the majority of the cases are:

  • Illnesses

Having serious illnesses can result into episodes of psychosis. Brain diseases like Parkinson’s, Huntington’s, and even chromosomal defects can cause the development of a mental disorder. Brain tumors, cysts, dementia, epilepsy, HIV, syphilis, and stroke are also some of the diseases that affect the psychological state of a person.

  • Environmental factors

External factors can also contribute to the causes of psychosis. Alcohol and substance abuse, such as meth, cocaine, and heroin, have temporary effects. But long exposure to these substances can surely add to the detrimental effects of psychosis.

  • Genetics

A history of mental diseases in the family can be one of the causes for psychosis. Schizophrenia and bipolar disorders, for example, exhibit patterns of family history. In fact, these are two of the most heritable psychological disorders.

  • Brain Changes

Chemical changes and alterations in the brain structure are directly related to the symptoms of psychosis. During psychosis, the dopamine levels in the brain increase rapidly and it affects a person’s self-awareness, emotion, social behavior, and even the memory.

Treating Psychosis

Psychosis is a sensitive illness and it requires the expertise of a skilled psychologist to eliminate the symptoms and reduce the effects of the condition. In order to treat psychosis, you have to go through a series of medication and therapies.

Antipsychotic medicines prove to be really helpful in reducing hallucinations and delusions by helping a person develop a clearer state of mind. Cognitive behavioral Therapy is also a popular treatment method for providing changes to a person who has psychotic condition.